Macro virus

A type of malicious code that uses the macro programming capabilities of a document’s application to carry out misdeeds, replicate itself and spread throughout a system.

Malicious code

Program code designed for evil. Intended to hurt the confidentiality, integrity or availability of an information system.


The use of online advertising to deliver malware.


Short for malicious software. Any viruses, Trojans, worms, code or content that could adversely impact organisations or individuals.

Man-in-the-middle Attack (MitM)

Cyber criminals interpose themselves between the victim and the website the victim is trying to reach, either to harvest the information being transmitted or alter it. Sometimes abbreviated as MITM, MIM, MiM or MITMA.


The steps taken to minimise and address cyber security risks.

Mobile Device Management (MDM)

Mobile device management (MDM) is a type of security software, specifically for monitoring, managing and securing mobile, tablet and other devices, allowing remote administration and management of the device.


National Cyber Security Centre (NCSC)

Part of GCHQ. A UK government organisation set up to help protect critical services from cyber attacks.

National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)

A U.S. federal agency. Responsible for the ‘Framework for Improving Critical Infrastructure Cybersecurity’ – voluntary guidelines used by organisations to manage their security risks.

NIST Cyber Security Standard

A framework used in the U.S. to help businesses prepare their defence against cyber crime.

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